Toy Dog Breeds Explained: Pugs

Charming little fellows, pugs are. They have the cutest faces; they are big-eyed, and they don’t shed as much as a German or Japanese Spitz puppies do. Pugs are wonderful little creatures whose breed is considered as old as the ancient Foo dogs of China (c.a. 400BC). Pugs came to the Western world in the 16th century. Many travelers to China brought the small dogs along, turning them into one of the most favorite breeds.

Breed Description

Pugs are small and stocky toy dogs. They have a square and thick body structure. The pug’s head is rounded and short-nosed; the muzzle is square-shaped. The black beady stare is one of the most typical pug characteristics. The wrinkles in pugs don’t signify age – they are a prominent breed feature. The tail is one of the most important breed characteristics – it is high-set and curled. In contests, double curled tails are preferred.

When it comes to the pug’s coat, it is short, smooth and soft. The colors vary, and the most popular pugs have fur that is black, silver, fawn, and apricot. Grooming is limited to a daily brushing with a soft brush time.

The standard pug size is between 12 to 14 inches for the males and 10 to 12 inches for the females. In weight, males range between 13 and 20 pounds and females – between 13 and 18 pounds. As in many other breeds, male pugs happen to be noticeably larger.

The life expectancy of the breed is 12 to 15 years.

Pug Health Problems

Pugs are gentle little creatures, and they have their health specifics. They don’t thrive in excessively hot environments. In fact, the pug is one of the perfect breeds for calm, apartment life. Pugs don’t need yard play or long walks to be happy.

Here are some of the most common pug health problems and how they can be solved:

  • Breathing difficulties: panting and snoring are caused by the breed’s standard facial features (mouth, nose and shape). These issues can’t be resolved 100 percent but cleaning the pug’s nose and keeping it on a good diet (ask the vet for the right food for your pet) will benefit its overall condition.
  • High blood pressure: hypertension happens to be a relatively common issue in pugs. If it can’t be treated, the vet will recommend medications that will make high blood pressure manageable.
  • Facial skin fold infections: this problem is due to not enough emphasis on cleaning the wrinkles during your grooming routine. When an infection takes place, the vet will suggest the topical application of a cream until the issue gets resolved.
  • Eye problems: pugs suffer from cherry eye (third eyelid slipping out due to connective tissue weakening), inflammations, dry eyes and corneal ulcers. Most issues will be treated medically, but they can be avoided with daily wiping, paying attention and removing any foreign objects from your dog’s eyes and using drops when necessary.

Pug Behavior

The pug is a very loyal toy dog breed. Their attitude is keen, playful and animated. These puppies love to be with the whole family; children and grandparents included. One thing that you should consider knowing about pug behavior before getting a puppy is that the dogs can get bored easily. Due to this breed’s high intellect, pugs need constant diversity in their everyday schedules.

When training your dog, be careful not to be too harsh because pugs tend to be quite sensitive. This sensitivity stems from their love for their owners. A single harsh remark will be sufficient for a well-behaved dog to get back on track.

It is important that you are the pug’s leader and not the other way around. Pugs could become a ruthless and spoiled pet if you let them. To avoid the problem from ever occurring, you will need to:

  • Set rules and be consistent with them
  • Be calm, but also confident
  • Always display your leadership (at home, outside, at the vet, etc.)
  • Come up with a daily schedule and stick to it